Our team at ALTRUS is prepared for the best care of our patients. This is why we have hematologists who are experts in blood and lymph cancer treatment, without leaving aside conditions such as anemia.
It is the cancer of the first cells that form the blood. There are several types:
- Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)
- Acute myeloid leukemia (AML)
- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
- Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)
Multiple myeloma is a cancer of a type of white blood cells, bone marrow plasma cells, that make abnormal proteins that can cause complications. They are usually classified as the following:
Lymphoma is a type of cancer that starts in the cells that make up the immune system. There are several types:
- Hodgkin lymphoma
- Non-hodgkin lymphoma
- Skin lymphoma
A condition in which the hemoglobin concentration within these is lower than normal. There is a lot of types:
- Iron deficiency anemia
- Pernicious anemia
- Folate deficiency anemia
- Autoimmune hemolytic anemia
- Aplastic anemia
- Sickle-cell anemia
Our offer at ALTRUS
At ALTRUS Cancer Center, we have highly trained staff who will provide you with the necessary assistance and guidance for your treatment.
Chemotherapy consists of using a combination of drugs that can destroy cells in order to eliminate cancer cells. Although it has the ability to eradicate cancer, it also damages healthy cells and creates side effects to consider. Chemotherapy is given in cycles of active and rest administration. The route of administration is by intravenous infusion or oral tablets.
Radiotherapy uses high doses of radiation to destroy cancer cells. The rays are usually directed at a region of the body that is particularly affected by the cancer. The treatment can last several weeks.
Stem cell transplantation replaces the abnormal cells in the patient’s bone marrow with healthy undifferentiated cells, thus preventing them from developing into cancer. The cells used can come from the patient themselves if they are available or can be donated by another person.
Immunotherapy uses biological agents to stimulate your own immune system to more efficiently identify and defend against cancer. An example of this is CAR T-cell therapy, in which your own T cells are genetically modified to find and destroy cancer cells.
Targeted therapy works by detecting signals associated with cancer cells that are not present in healthy cells. Some examples are:
- Monoclonal antibodies: artificial antibodies that recognize cancer cells.
- Tumor growth inhibitors: detect and block tumor growth.
- Tyrosine kinase inhibitors: blocks signals that tell cancer cells to multiply
Intravenous iron treatment is superior to oral therapy in terms of efficacy, tolerance and faster improvement regarding the quality of life. There are several indications for its use, including intolerance or non-compliance to oral therapy, cases of intestinal malabsorption, anemias associated with chemotherapy treatments, among others.
It is not imperative to start treatment when diagnosed. Active monitoring is recommended for blood and lymphatic cancers that have a very slow development and do not cause discomfort, since most treatments cause troublesome side effects and could lead to the acceleration of the cancer.